Prevalence of hypertension and its risk factors among outpatients . . .

DMU Publishing                                    

Choke Journal of Science and Technology

Choke Journal of Science and Technology, vol. 1, issue 2. (2021),

 PRINT ISSN: 2789-2565,

 ONLINE ISSN: 2789-2575

Prevalence of hypertension and its risk factors among outpatients visiting Shegaw Motta Rural Hospital, Northwest, Ethiopia: Cross-sectional Study

Demeke Muche1and Asmamaw Habtamu2*

1Department of Biology, Keranyo secondary and preparatory school, Motta, Ethiopia

2Department of Biology, College of Natural and Computational  Sciences,  Debre Markos University, Debre Markos, Ethiopia, P.O. Box 269

Corresponding author:

Accepted for publication: June 30, 2021

Published: July 20,2021


Hypertension is a growing public health problem of the world. However, its prevention and control has not gotten more attention. The objective of the study was to determine the prevalence of hypertension and its risk factors among outpatients visiting Shegaw Motta Rural Hospital, Northwest Ethiopia. A hospital based cross-sectional study design was applied to determine the prevalence and the risk factors of hypertension. About 380 study participants of age greater than 15 years were included in the study.  A systematic random sampling technique was used to select samples from the study population. A semi-structured questionnaire was employed to collect data on socio-demographic characteristics and risk factors of hypertension. In addition, weight, height and blood pressure of the study participants were determined by using standard procedures. The data were analyzed by using SPSS version 20. The overall prevalence of hypertension was 23.96%. Diabetes mellitus (AOR=0.870; 95% Cl: 0.046, 0.163), stroke (AOR=0.370; 95% Cl: 0.138, 0.989), family history (AOR=1.640, 95%Cl: 0.921, 2.919) and lack of knowledge about stress management (AOR=0.512; 95%Cl: 0.279, 0.938) were the determinant factors of hypertension. The mean systolic and diastolic pressures were 130.93 mmHg ±16.55 and 82.10 mmHg ±10.98 respectively. The systolic with (r=0.886) and diastolic (r=0.883) blood pressure had a strong positive correlation with the prevalence of hypertension. In conclusion, hypertension is the prevalent disease in the study area.  The lower knowledge about hypertension, the existence of diabetes mellitus, family history and stress were significantly associated with hypertension hence there is a need to design prevention strategies to control hypertension in the study area.

Keywords: blood pressure, hypertension, risk factor

View More

Print Friendly, PDF & Email